In the 1960s, Alain Robbe-Grillet (1922-2008) emerged as the foremost exponent of the Nouveau Roman ("New Novel") approach to writing, which encouraged novelists to experiment with subject matter and style. Best known in America for the screenplay of Alain Resnais's 1961 classic Last Year at Marienbad, the Frenchman remains one of the 20th century's boldest and most distinctive authors of fiction.
On a tropical plantation, a man worries that his wife may be having an affair with their neighbor, Franck. But in Robbe-Grillet's 1957 novella, Jealousy—praised by NYTBR as "a technical masterpiece, impeccably contrived"—the husband may find that he cannot trust anything he has seen or thought. From 1959, In the Labyrinth is the story of a wounded soldier, wandering the streets of a city in the hopes of delivering a package for a dying comrade.