By spring 1942, the British had lost their advantage over the Germans for control of the Mediterranean, and their forces on Malta were besieged. In April and May, the Luftwaffe dropped more bombs on Malta than London received in the Blitz, and the desperate British launched Operation Pedestal to supply the island by convoy. Over 12 days in August, German and Italian forces faced off against British air and naval fleets in one of the fiercest battles of the war. Although it is often considered an Axis victory, Max Hastings explains how the British saved their soldiers on Malta and used the operation as a springboard for later successes.
Operation Pedestal: The Fleet That Battled to Malta, 1942
Author: Max Hastings.