When challenged on their racial advantage, white people may react with anger, fear, or guilt, and respond with defensive arguments or silence. These actions, in turn, only serve to reinforce the status quo and prevent meaningful dialogue for change. Robin DiAngelo examines in depth how white fragility develops, how it fortifies racial inequality, and what we can do to engage more constructively.
"Thoughtful, instructive, and comprehensive…. DiAngelo provides a powerful lens for examining, and practical tools for grappling with, racism today."—Publishers Weekly (starred review)